i. Further Increase in Total Population. By the end of September this year, the permanent resident population of Shanghai reached about 23.71 million; the registered population was about 14.21 million; and the permanent migrant population was about 9.65 million. In recent years, the migrant population was steadily growing in peri-urban and suburban areas. In the five districts of Minhang, Jiading, Songjiang, Qingpu and Fenxian, the migrant population has exceeded the registered population. The permanent resident population is expected to increase in the near future.
ii. A “Small Baby Boom”. In the first three quarters of this year, the number of newborns among permanent residents was 160,000, 90,000 of which came from the registered population and 70,000 from the permanent migrant population, each increasing 13,000 compared with the same period the year before. The number of newborns among permanent residents is expected to reach around 220,000 in 2012. The reasons for the big increase are as follows. First, as a result of cyclic changes in the age structure of the registered population, those born in the baby boom of the 1980s are starting to get married and have children. This leads to a small baby boom which will continue till 2017. Second, more people meet the criteria of the policy regarding having a second child. Third, as the non-registered population grows, more babies will be born in Shanghai.
iii. Continuous Aging of the Population. In 2011, the number and percentage of people aged 65 and above in Shanghai’s registered population were respectively 2.35 million and 16.6%. The average life expectancy of the registered population was 82.51 years. It is estimated that the population will age faster in the years ahead with the number of people aged 60 and above increasing by around 200,000 every year on average. The percentage of this age group is expected to reach 30% by 2015.
|Posted by: Administrator||Author: Administrator||Data source: SHPFPC|